北京快乐8

北京快乐8

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今晚报: 学习民法典 体会大家谈

      2019-06-24       

《今晚报》 (2020年6月23日 05版)

今年5月28日,十三届全国人大三次会议表决通过了《中华人民共和国民法典》。编纂民法典是新中国几代人的夙愿。民法典是社会生活的百科全书。为了更好地学习民法典,本报邀请了理论界、实务界的专家学者、律师,谈谈最近学习民法典的体会。


■ shenfenquanrudianyiyizhongda

北京快乐8hongqiaoqurenminfayuanyanjiushizhuren

nanbaolong

北京快乐8《minfadian》diyibaiyishiertiaoquelileqinshuzhijiandeshenfenquan,diyiqianlingyitiaoguidingshenfenquandebaohukeyicanzhaoshiyongrengequanbaohuguize。zheiwuyishifengfuminshiquanlitixidezhongyaotiaokuan,weigengjiaquanfangweibaohuminshiquanlidaxiajianshijichu。shenfenquanshiziranrenjiyuqinshuguanxierxiangyoudeminshiquanli。youyuxiandaishehuijinhuadao“congshenfendaoqiyue”,shenfenquandeketibuzaishitarenderenshen,ershishenfenliyi,yinershenfenquandeyanhuaxiangduifuza,jianjushuangcengjiegou,shiduineiwailiangzhongfalvguanxidegaikuo,qie“neiwaiyoubie”,duineiwangwangbiaoxianweiyizhongqingqiuquan,duiwaizeyoumingxiandezhipeiquantezheng。falvshiyongshangkeyizuodaogengjiajingquediguifanfuzashehuiguanxi;falvxiaoguoshangkeyigengjiatuchulunlizhixuduishehuizhilidejijizuoyong。shenfenquanmingquexieruminfadianguanxizhongda,daibiaozhebeijingkuaile8guofalvwenminghefazhishuipingdadaokongqianchengdu,shishehuizhiliyouyizhongyaoshouduan。

zhiqian,beijingkuaile8guolifaduishenfenguanxidejiedingheguifanyizhibijiaoboruo。daliangshenfenquanjiufen,lirushiguanyingershengzhixibaopipeicuowu、hunwaiqing、qizhaxingfuyang、peitaideshiyonghefangqidenganjiandeshenpanchangchangkunnanzhongzhong。xiayibu,zai《minfadian》zhiyinxia,sifashijianjiangdadaoyigexingaodu: yishiyishenfenquandefalvguidingzuoweiyiju,yizhaobaohurengequandeguize,duiqinhaishenfenquandexingweikeyiqinquanzeren,gengjiagongpinggaoxiaodibaohudangshirengexianghefaminshiquanli;ershishenhuahexihuashenfenquanshuangzhongjiegou,helixiediaoshenfenquanyurengequanzhijiandequanlichongtu,liruruheshixianshengyuquanxiaoyizuidahua,yanjiuquanliweijie,jingzhunpingjiahepinghenggefangdangshirendeliyi,rangrenmenshenghuodegengziyou、gengxingfu。


■ hunyinjiatingbiandeliangdian

tianjinjishuilvshishiwusuo

zhangxianglonglvshi

hunyinjiatingbianzuowei《minfadian》dezhongyaozuchengbufen,qizhongyixieliangdianzhidejinyibusikaoyutaolun。

yi、zengshe“lihunlengjingqi”

《minfadian》diyiqianlingqishiqitiaoguiding: “zihunyindengjijiguanshoudaolihundengjishenqingzhiriqisanshirinei,renheyifangbuyuanyilihunde,keyixianghunyindengjijiguanchehuilihundengjishenqing。”“qiankuanguidingqixianjiemanhousanshirinei,shuangfangyingdangqinzidaohunyindengjijiguanshenqingfajilihunzheng;weishenqingde,shiweichehuilihundengjishenqing。”gaiguidingzaiyumianduiriyizenggaodelihunlv,yijiangdichongdonglihundegailv。

北京快乐8er、“hunqianhuanyouyixuejibing”duihunyinxiaolideyingxiang

北京快乐8《minfadian》diyiqianlingwushiyitiaojianghunyinwuxiaodeqingxingjianshaozhisanzhong,shanchulehuanyouyixuejibingdeqingxing,zaidiyiqianlingwushisantiaodekechexiaohunyinzhong,guidingleyifanghuanyouzhongdajibingde,yingdangzaijiehundengjiqianrushigaozhilingyifang,burushigaozhide,lingyifangkeyixiangrenminfayuanqingqiuchexiaohunyin。dan《minfadian》weimingqueguiding“zhongdajibing”deshiyongfanwei,haixuhouxusifajieshijiyutianchong。

北京快乐8san、tigaoduiwuguocuofangdebaohulidu

北京快乐81.zengjialehunyinwuxiaohuozhebeichexiaoshiwuguocuofangdesunhaipeichangqingqiuquan,duiwuguocuofangdequanyijinxinglejinyibudebaohu。

2.wanshanlelihunguocuosunhaipeichangzhidu,zengjia“youqitazhongdaguocuo”deqingxing。zheishiyigedoudixingtiaokuan,youfaguanzhangwoqitazhongdaguocuodaozhilihundeqingxing,tuokuanleshijishenghuozhongduozhongyanzhongguocuodaozhilihundeqingxing,weiruoshifangdequanyitigonglegengjiakuanfandebaohu。

北京快乐8si、pojiefanfuqisulihunlibuchengdenanti

北京快乐8diyiqianlingqishijiutiaoguiding: “jingrenminfayuanpanjuebuzhunlihunhou,shuangfangyoufenjumanyinian,yifangzaicitiqilihunsusongde,yingdangzhunyulihun。”youzhuyupojiefanfuqisulihunquelibuchengdenanti。


■ minfadiandelinshibaohuzhidu

天津大学法学院

刘晓纯教授

人民的福祉是最高的法律。编纂民法典,顺应了人民群众对合法权益得到保护的新要求,形成更完备、更切实的民事权利体系,完善权利保护和救济规则,形成较为有效的权利保护机制。

新冠肺炎疫情发生以来,因未成年人的父母家人由于疫情需要隔离、治疗,全国多地发生未成年人临时性陷入监护缺失的情况。经过各级民政部门、儿童福利机构、未成年人保护等机构积极主动作为,联合其他部门,上述问题得到了妥善的解决。然而,各地的具体解决办法由于缺少法律规定作为依据,在具体的做法和效果上都存在较大的差别。针对突发事件期间可能出现的某些老年人、未成年人和精神病人等无行为能力、限制行为能力人无人照料的情况,《民法典》总则部分的第三十四条明确规定: 因发生突发事件等紧急情况,监护人暂时无法履行监护职责,被监护人的生活处于无人照料状态的,被监护人住所地的居民委员会、村民委员会或者民政部门应当为被监护人安排必要的临时生活照料措施。该条款的规定对于临时监护的条件、主体及其责任的规定有利于兜牢被监护人的生存底线,为临时性监护提供了法律制度的保障,很好地体现了《民法典》为民立法、以民为本的立法目的。

benbaojizhe wangheyan

今晚报:

(编辑 刘晓艳 郭水晶)

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