北京快乐8

北京快乐8

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中国科学报头版头条: 痴迷“铺地砖”的数学家

      2019-05-21       

《中国科学报》 (2020年5月21日 01版)

宗传明

每当宗传明开始“闭关”,谢绝一切会议、邀约时,熟悉他的人就能大致猜出,他又要“憋大招”了。

北京快乐8shuxueyanjiuyichouxiangwenming,waixingwangwangnanyilijie。danshi,youxiewaixingkanqilaijiandandewenti,quenengrangshijieshangzuicongmingdedanaogandaoshushouwuce。

北京快乐8liru,shenmexingzhuangdecizhuannenggouwufengxidipumanzhenggepingmian。

北京快乐8jinri,《meiguoshuxuehuitonggao》zai2020niandiwuqiyi“zhongdianlunwen”xingshifabiaoletianjindaxuejiaoshouzongchuanmingdeyixiangyanjiuchengguo,duishuxuezhongdejingdianpuqiwentijichuleyixiliewanzhengdaan。

可以构成平面五重晶格铺砌的五种凸形砖

世纪难题

zaozaiguxilashiqi,yalishiduodeheajimidedengxianzhejiuyijingfaxianleyixiepuqigoutu;1619nian,kaipuleduiajimidepuqiqudelewanzhengdefenlei;1885nian,eguokexuejiafeideluofuxitongdiyanjiulezuiyouguilvdepuqi,yediandinglejingtixuelilunjichu。

北京快乐8raner,1916nianqianhou,dangdeguoshuxuejiabibobaheshoucitichupingmianquandengpuqitidefenleiwentihou,shuxuejiaqianjindejiaobuquesihumanlexialai。

“zheiyangyigemaosijiandandejihewentinandaolexuduojiechushuxuejia。”zongchuanmingshuo,“bibobahewentideyanjiulichengyichangfuzaquzhe,zaiguoqudeyigeshijizhong,tacengzhishao3cibeicuowudixuanbuchedijiejue。”

zaixunzhaopingmianquandengpuqitideguochengzhong,bujinyoushuxuejiahejisuanjizhuanjiajinxinglexitongyanjiu,yixieyeyuaihaozheyezuochulejingrendegongxian。liru,1978nian,jinyougaozhongshuxueshuipingdelaisifurenjiufaxianleqizhongdesizhong,weicimeiguoshuxuexiehuiteyiyonglaisifurenfaxiandeyizhongwubianxingdibanzhuanpuqiqihuashengdunzongbuzoulangdeyibufen。

北京快乐8lijingleyigeshiji,chusanjiaoxinghesibianxingwai,renmengongfaxianle3leiliubianxinghe15leiwubianxingquandengpuqiti。zuihouyizhongwubianxingpuqitiyu2016nianbei3weioumeishuxuejiajiezhujisuanjifaxian。

“毫无进展的6年”之后

shuxuejiazongxihuanjizijichunanti。congshangshiji30niandaikaishi,futewengele、hayaoshenheluobinsendengjiechushuxuejiakaishiyanjiuduozhongpuqiwenti,bingqudeleyixiliezhongyaochengguo。tamenfaxiantongguozirandiejia,danzhongpuqikeyichanshengrenyizhongshudepuqi。danshi,shuxuejiaxiangzhidaodeshi,chuqufeideluofusuofaxiandesibianxingheliubianxingwai,haiyounaxiejihexingzhuangkeyitongguopingyigouchengerzhong、sanzhonghuoduozhongpuqi?

zheiyinqilezongchuanmingdexingqu。2006nian,tazaiyingguojianqiaodaxuechubanshechubanleyibenzhuanzhu,zhuanmenjieshaoleshangshusanrendechengguo,bingkaishizuzhiyanjiushengmeizhouyicidingqixuexiyantaotamendexiangguangongzuo,shituzaifenleiwentishangqudetupo。

北京快乐8raner,6nianguoqule,tamenzaizheigewentishanghaowujinzhan。

北京快乐82012nian,sanweioumeixuezhefaxianleyigekeyigouchengqizhongjinggepuqidebabianxing。zheiyijieguozaicijiqilezongchuanmingtuanduideyanjiureqing。“beijingkuaile8zhongxinshejileyanjiufangan。yifangmian,beijingkuaile8deyanjiushengliyongjisuanjixunzhaogenghaodeduozhongpuqishili;lingyifangmian,beijingkuaile8liyongduonianlaizaiduijililunsuojileidechengguoyusixiangfangfa,jizhongyanjiujiaodizhongshudejinggepuqi。”

2017nianqianhou,zongchuanminghetadexueshengzhongyuyinglaileyixiangbudaodeshouhuo。shouxian,tamenzhengming,chuqufeideluofusuofaxiandeliangzhongduobianxingwai,renheqitaxingzhuangdetuxingzhuandoubukenenggouchengerzhong、sanzhonghuosizhongdejinggepuqi;jiner,tamenfaxianleyigenenggouchengwuzhongjinggepuqideshibianxing;ertongguozhubushixianyuxianshejideyanjiufangan,zongchuanmingdulizhengming,youqiejinyouwuzhongtuxingzhuankeyigouchengpingmiandewuzhongjinggepuqi,tamenshipingxingsibianxing、zhongxinduichengdeliubianxing、liangleiteshudebabianxingheyileifeichangteshudeshibianxing。

“beijingkuaile8jiangzheixiejieguoxianhoufabiaozaiyuyinbenpingtaiarxivshang。zaijiexialaidejitianli,beijingkuaile8shoudaoleduoweioumeitongxingdezhuhe。”zongchuanmingtanyan,guowaitongxingdegaoduguanzhu,jirangtamenganshoudaoshouhuodexiyue,yeganshoudaojudadejingzhengyali。

tajuedingzainuliyiba,bazheigegushijiangwan。

像做艺术品一样做数学研究

“duozhongjinggepuqishiduozhongpingyipuqizhongzuizhongyaodeyilei,yeshizuiteshudeyilei,danshiyigewanmeidelilunyinggaibaokuosuoyouduozhongpingyipuqi。”zairenzhenfenxilejiejueyibanpingyiduozhongpuqiwentisuomianlindeguanjiankunnanzhihou,zongchuanmingyishidao,yaochedijiejuezheiyangyigelishiyoujiudejibenwenti,meiyouchuqizhishengdexinsixiangshibuxingde。

jingguofanfutuiqiao,tashejileyitaoxitongdeyanjiufangan,zaimeigepuqidingdianyinruleyigezuhejishugongshi。jiexialai,tazuzhiketizufenkuaishishizheiyifangan。

zheiqijian,zongchuanmingwanjulesuoyoudehuiyi、pingshen、baogaodenghuodong,jizhongjinglishixiantadeyanjiujihua。

2018nian,zongchuanminghetadeboshiyanjiushengyangqizhongyushixianletadezhengmingfangan。tamenfaxianbingzhengming,chuqufeideluofusuofaxiandeliangzhongduobianxingwai,renhexingzhuangdetuxingzhuandoubukenenggouchengerzhong、sanzhonghuosizhongdepingyipuqi;wuzhongpingyipuqiyidingshiwuzhongjinggepuqi,yezhiyoupingxingsibianxing、zhongxinduichengdeliubianxing、liangleiteshudebabianxingheyileifeichangteshudeshibianxingnenggoushixian。erhou,zongchuanmingyouwanzhengkehualenenggouchengliuzhongjinggepuqidesuoyoupuzhuan,tamenshipingxingsibianxing、zhongxinduichengdeliubianxing、yileiteshudebabianxingheliangleifeichangteshudeshibianxing。

北京快乐82020nian5yue,zheiyixiliechengguozai《meiguoshuxuehuitonggao》shangkandeng。zheishijin5nianlaigaizazhifabiaodeweiyiyipianguoneixuezhede“zhongdianlunwen”。lunwenfabiaoyilaidedaolebolinziyoudaxuexiaozhangqigele、meiguoshuxuexiehuiqianfuzhuximogendengshiduoweioumeizhumingxuezhedezhuhehechengzan。qianbujiu,zhongguokexueyuanyuanshi、zhongguoshuxuehuilishizhangtiangangzaiqi《shuxueneiwai》jiangzuozhongyezhuanmentidaolezheixianggongzuo。

“shuxueyanjiuyoushijiuxiangshichuangzuoyishupin,beijingkuaile8zongshixiwangnenggouwanchengyijianyonghengdezuopin,jiuxiangda·fenqihemikailangjiluodejiezuoneiyang。beijingkuaile8zheixiangchengguoyuandabudaoyiliyushijieshuxuezhilindegaodu,dantashiyixiangwanzhengdejibenchengguo,shihongweideshuxuediantangzhongyikuaixiaoxiaodepudizhuan。”zongchuanmingshuo。

中国科学报:

(编辑 张华 郭水晶)

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