北京快乐8

北京快乐8

首页 > 媒体报道 > 正文

《思想理论教育导刊》: 颜晓峰: 中国制度和国家治理在抗疫斗争中经受大考

      2019-04-29       


中国制度和国家治理在抗议斗争中经受大考

北京快乐8[zhai  yao]  dayingzheichangxinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkongderenminzhanzheng、zongtizhan、zujizhan,shiduibeijingkuaile8guozhilitixihezhilinenglideyicidakao。beijingkuaile8guoguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglishizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidujiqizhixingnenglidejizhongtixian。zheicidakao,kaodeshiguojiazhilidelingdaojueceli、zuzhidongyuanli、tongchouxiediaoli。yiqingfangkongzongtizhanzhangxianlebeijingkuaile8guozhiduyoushihezhilixiaoneng,qililiangneiheshidangdelingdao、minzujingshen、yirenminweizhongxin、quanmiangaige。yaobayingduiyiqingbaoluchudemingxianduanban,zuoweiwanshanzhilitixi、zengqiangzhilinenglidezhongdianfangxiang。

[guanjianci]  yiqingfangkong;zhidutixi;zhilinengli;dakao

 

一个民族的生命力在经受磨难和灾害时充分展现,一个国家的制度和治理能力在应对风险和挑战中受到考验。2020年新年伊始,全国人民喜迎新春,决胜全面建成小康社会、决战脱贫攻坚奏响冲锋号。不期而遇的新冠肺炎疫情,肆虐湖北、蔓延各地,中华民族又一次面临着突发重大公共卫生安全事件的严重威胁,面临着实现奋斗目标前进道路上的严峻挑战。能否打赢这场疫情防控阻击战,是对北京快乐8国治理体系和治理能力的一次大考。以习近平同志为核心的党中央带领全党和人民,迅即打响了一场全党总动员、全国齐上阵的疫情防控总体战,铺开了一幅共战“疫魔”、共克时艰的神州抗疫图,谱写了发挥制度优势、运用治理能力战胜重大风险考验的壮丽篇章,显示了中国特色社会主义制度和国家治理体系的强大生命力和巨大优越性。

一、打赢疫情防控阻击战考验的是制度能力和治理能力

zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidushiyougenbenzhidu、jibenzhidu、zhongyaozhiduzhichengdekexuezhidutixi,beijingkuaile8guoguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglishizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidujiqizhixingnenglidejizhongtixian。guojiazhilitixihenenglidezhiliangshuiping,zaipingshidezhilixiaoguozhongjiunenggoudedaozhanshi,zaiminzufazhandeguanjianjiediangengnenggoushoudaojianyan。zheicituruqilaidexinguanfeiyanyiqing,henkuaiyanhuaweiquanguoxingdegonggongweishenganquanzhongdashijian,yiqingfangkongchengweidangheguojiadangshizuizhongyaodegongzuo,bixujuquanguozhili、yuntizhizhiyuan,jianjuedayingzheichangyiqingfangkongrenminzhanzheng、zongtizhan、zujizhan。tongshijiansaipao,saideshizhidudexiaolv;yubingmojiaoliang,jiaodeshizhilideliliang。

xijinpingzongshuji2020nian2yue23rizaitongchoutuijinxinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkonghejingjishehuifazhangongzuobushuhuiyishangdezhongyaojianghuazhongzhichu: “zheicixinguanfeiyanyiqing,shixinzhongguochengliyilaizaibeijingkuaile8guofashengdechuanbosuduzuikuai、ganranfanweizuiguang、fangkongnanduzuidadeyicizhongdatufagonggongweishengshijian。duibeijingkuaile8laishuo,zheishiyiciweiji,yeshiyicidakao。”[1]zheiciyiqingfangkongshiyicidakao、yicizonghexingdedakao。qiyi,xinguanfeiyandezhenzhinanduda,zheishiduiyiyaokexuededakao。xinguanbingdubutongyu17nianqiandesars,yixueduizheizhongxinbingdudeshengwutexing、zhibingjili、chuanbojizhi、yiganrenqundengkaishishilejiehaibugou,haimeiyoushifenyouxiaodezhiliaoyaowu。qier,yiqingchuanbodeweihaichengduda,zheishiduigonggongweishengtixidedakao。quezhenbingli、siwangbingli、yisibingliduo,yiqingfushegedi、bojimianguang,fengbigelicuoshiguangfancaiyong,yiliaofanghutourudafuzengzhang,fangkongchixushijianzhang,queshiyudaolebuwanquantongyufeidianshiqideteshuxingshi。qisan,yiqingyingxiangdekongzhinanduda,zheishiduishehuizhilitixihenenglidedakao。zheibaokuoyiqingxinxirushigongkaihouwendingrenxindenandu,chunyunhechunjieqijianrenyuangaoduliudongzhongkongzhiyiqingdenandu,fugaiquanburenkoufangzhiganrandenandu,tebieshishuyiwanjidebinglijiexujizhongbaofa,shangqianmingsiwangbingli,dailailejishizhenzhidejidakunnan。qisi,fangkongyiqingdeshehuichengbenda,zheishiduiguojiazhengzhinengli、jingjinengli、shehuinengli、kejinengli、anquannenglidedakao。daliangzhengchangdeshengchanyuxiaofei、maoyiyuliutong、chanyeyushiye、jiaoyuyuyuledenghuodongshoudaoyanzhongyingxiang,bushaoshenzhitingbai,jiqiwenhuinuan、mibusunshidailaihendayali。yanzhongyiqinghaiyoukenengdaozhishehuiyulun、shehuimaodunheshehuiwendingwenti,shenzhiyingxiangzhengzhianquan。zongzhi,jishinianlaiweicengyudaoguodezhongdayiqing,shiduibeijingkuaile8guozhidutixihezhidunengli、zhilitixihezhilinenglidedakao。

北京快乐82020nian2yue3ri,xijinpingzongshujizaizhonggongzhongyangzhengzhijuchangwuweiyuanhuihuiyishangdejianghuazhongzhichu: “yiqingfangkongbuzhishiyiyaoweishengwenti,ershiquanfangweidegongzuo,shizongtizhan,gexianggongzuodouyaoweidayingyiqingfangkongzujizhantigongzhichi。” [2]jianghuaqiangdiao,zheiciyiqingshiduibeijingkuaile8guozhilitixihenenglideyicidakao。zheicidakao,kaodeshiguojiazhilidelingdaojueceli。xinguanfeiyanyiqingbutongyuqitaleixingdefengxian,juyouyinnixingqiang、chuanranxingqiang、manyanxunsu、weihaimianguangdengtedian。duizheiciyiqingfengxiandechajue、renzhi、pinggu、panduan,shidayingyiqingfangkongzujizhandeguanjianqianti。ruguoduizhongdafengxiandejixiangmabidayi、xincunjiaoxing,jiuhuiyiwushiji、yangjiquanpan,chengxian“hudiexiaoying”。bixujianchiyikexueheshishiweiyiju,zuochujishizhunquedejueduan。zheicidakao,kaodeshiguojiazhilidezuzhidongyuanli。yiqingbaofakuai、kuosankuai,bojigedi、weijiminzhong,zhanshengyiqingbixudayichangrenminzhanzheng,fadongyichangzongtizhan,jinxingyichangzujizhan。wulunshijizhongdiaodongyiwurenyuanyuanyuanbuduankaiwangyixianjiuzhi,haishidiaopeiyiliaofanghuwuziyunsongyiqingzhongzhen,wulunshijinjikaijianzhuankeyiyuan,haishikaiqiquanminfanghufeichangmoshi,douxuyaoquanguoyipanqidetizhi、jizhongliliangbandashidenengli,douxuyaojizhongtongyi、quanweixingqiangdelingdaolilianghelingdaohexin。zheicidakao,kaodeshiguojiazhilidetongchouxiediaoli。yaotongchouyiqingfangkonghejingjifazhan,bayiqingfangkonggongzuozuoweiqianqizuizhongyaodegongzuolaizhua,tongshizaiquebaoyiqingfangkongdaoweideqiantixia,tuidongfeiyiqingfangkongzhongdiandiquqishiyedanweifugongfuchan,huifushengchanshenghuozhixu,baozengzhangcufazhan,baochijingjizhangqixianghaofazhandequshi。tongchouyangefangkongheshehuiwending,caiquzuiquanmianzuiyangedefangkongjucuo,tongshibaozhengqunzhongshenghuobixupingongyingchongzu,chuangxinzhengfubeijingkuaile8xingshi,baochishehuizhengchangyunxing。tongchouguoneifangkongheguojifangkong,quanliyifukangjiyiqing,benzhegongkai、touming、fuzerendetaidu,tuidonggeguoheliyingdui。

这次新冠肺炎疫情,“对北京快乐8来说,这是一次危机,也是一次大考。”[1]开局之战、开年大考,意义重大、影响深远。党和国家面对大考交出合格答卷、取得优异成绩,是历史、时代和人民赋予的庄严使命和重大责任。大考合格,就能保证决胜决战目标的成功实现。2020年,北京快乐8国要决胜全面建成小康社会、决战脱贫攻坚,具有里程碑意义。依靠北京快乐8国国家制度和国家治理体系闯过这一关、打赢这一战,北京快乐8就有条件有能力有信心决胜决战。大考合格,就是制度优势的有力证明和制度自信的坚实根据。应对大考,发挥的是中国特色社会主义制度和国家治理体系的总体优势。夺取疫情防控的最后胜利,是制度优势和治理优势的胜利。坚定制度自信、治理自信,理论根据存在于实践根据之中,实践成功是自信之基。大考合格,就能展现“不忘初心、牢记使命”主题教育的实践成效。刚刚完成的主题教育,为全党实现奋斗目标作了思想上政治上组织上作风上的有力动员,各级党组织和广大党员、干部思想政治受到洗礼和锤炼,干事创业、担当作为的精气神得到提振,其显著效果在这次抗疫斗争中得到充分释放和展现。习近平总书记强调: “关键时刻冲得上去、危难关头豁得出来,才是真正的共产党人。”[1]大考合格,就会增强战胜重大风险的实力底气。面对国内外风险挑战明显上升的复杂局面,打赢疫情防控阻击战,能够全面检验、全面锤炼党和国家抗击重大风险的能力,大大增强战胜各种重大风险挑战的信心。

二、疫情防控总体战彰显制度优势和治理效能

beijingkuaile8guoguojiazhiduheguojiazhilitixi,shidayingzheichangyiqingfangkongrenminzhanzheng、zongtizhan、zujizhandejianshijichu。zheichangmeiyouxiaoyandezhanzhengshiyibachizi,duibeijingkuaile8guozhilitixihenenglishuipingzuochuceliang。dangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuitongguode《zhonggongzhongyangguanyujianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu、tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuaruoganzhongdawentidejueding》(yixiajiancheng《jueding》),weitigaoxinshidaiguojiazhidunenglihezhilinenglizhulaolejishi。zheiciyiqingfangkongzongtizhan,zhengshi《jueding》deshijianban,shiyongzuiyoushuofulideshishilaizhengmingbeijingkuaile8guozhidutixihezhilitixideyoushi;er《jueding》zeshidayingyiqingfangkongzongtizhandelilunban,shicongsixiang、lilun、linian、yuanzedecengmianlaiquanshidangheguojiaweishenmeyidingnenggoudayingzheichangyiqingfangkongzujizhan。gaigekaifangyilai,dangdailingrenminyingbianju、pingfengbo、zhanhongshui、fangfeidian、kangdizhen、huaweiji,chenggongyingduiyixiliezhongdafengxiantiaozhan。zaiyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangjianqianglingdaoxia,yikaozhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduheguojiazhilitixideqiangdaliliang,zhonghuaminzuyidingnenggouzhanshengyiqing,huaweiweiji、huaxianweiyi,“tapingkankechengdadao,doubajianxianyouchufa”。 

1.guoduanjuece、kuaisufanying,jishizhuanruyiqingfangkongzujizhan

guojiazhilitixidexiaolv、zhilinenglidexiaoneng,zaiyudaotufaqingkuang、jinjiguantou、weijichuxianshi,yuzhengchangyunzhuanhechangtaiyunyongshixiangbi,gengnengdedaoquanmianshenrujianyan。xinguanfeiyanyiqingfashenghou,dangzhongyanggaoduzhongshi,shenshidushi、zongheyanpan,xunsuzuochubushu,jishitichujiandingxinxin、tongzhougongji、kexuefangzhi、jingzhunshicedezongyaoqiu,mingquelejianjueezhiyiqingmanyanshitou、jianjuedayingyiqingfangkongzujizhandezongmubiao,quanmianjiaqiangduiyiqingfangkongdejizhongtongyilingdao。2020nian1yue7ri,xijinpingzongshujizhuchizhaokaizhongyangzhengzhijuchangweihuihuiyishi,jiuduizuohaoyiqingfangkonggongzuotichuleyaoqiu。1yue20ri,xijinpingzongshujizhuanmenjiuyiqingfangkonggongzuozuochuzhishi,yaoqiugejidangweihezhengfujiyouguanbumenbarenminqunzhongshengminganquanheshentijiankangfangzaidiyiwei,caiquqieshiyouxiaocuoshi,jianjueezhiyiqingmanyanshitou。danianchuyi,xijinpingzongshujizhuchizhaokaizhongyangzhengzhijuchangweihuihuiyi,duiyiqingfangkonggongzuojinxingzaiyanjiu、zaibushu、zaidongyuan,juedingchenglizhongyangyingduiyiqinggongzuolingdaoxiaozu,paichuzhongyangzhidaozu,yaoqiuguowuyuanlianfangliankongjizhichongfenfahuixiediaozuoyong,dengdeng。zaiyiqingfangkongdequancheng,meiyibudouyoudangzhongyangdezhijielingdao,douyouxijinpingzongshujideqinzizhihui。shishishuoming,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyang,jianshizao、dongzuokuai,zhunquepanduan、yiranjueduan,feichangshijian、feichangchuzhi。zaiyingxinchun、dujiajieqijian,caiqulequanguoxingdefangkongyiqingzuiqiangcuoshi。1yue22ri,dangzhongyangguoduanyaoqiuhubeishengduirenyuanwailiushishiquanmianyangeguankong。zuochuzheiyijuece,xuyaojudazhengzhiyongqi。jizhongtongyi、quanweigaoxiaodezhiduhezhilitixi,dadajiakuaileyingduituranerzhiyiqingdesudu,zhengquleshijian、jiangdileweihai。zheizaijiutuobuyi、yierbujue、jueerbuxingdezhiduhuanjingzhong,shigenbenzuobudaode。shijieweishengzuzhizongganshitandesaipingjiadao: “zhongfangxingdongsuduzhikuai、guimozhida,shisuohanjian,zhanxianchuzhongguosudu、zhongguoguimo、zhongguoxiaolv。”[3] 

北京快乐82.quanguobuju、quanmiandongyuan,quanlizhankaiyiqingfangkongzongtizhan

北京快乐8jianchiquanguoyipanqi,diaodonggefangmianjijixing,jizhongliliangbandashi,shibeijingkuaile8guoguojiazhiduheguojiazhilitixidexianzhuyoushi。hubeishengtebieshiwuhanshishiquanguoyiqingfangkongdezhongzhongzhizhong、jizhongzhiji、nanzhongzhinan,hubeishenghewuhanshikangyiguanxiquanjushengbai,wuhanshengzehubeisheng,hubeishengzequanguosheng。zhiyoujizhongliliangbazhongdiandiqudeyiqingkongzhizhu,cainengconggenbenshangjinkuainiuzhuanquanguoyiqingmanyanjumian。beijingkuaile8kandao,dangzhongyang、zhongyangjunweiyishenghaoling,chuxiye,benshiwanjiawenxintuanyuanshi,gedihejunduizhiyuanwuhandeyiliaoduilianyechufa,zhengjiushengming、fenmiaobizheng,junjihongming、zhanshijiezou。manzuchixujiuyuanxuyao,gungunhuocheliu、daxingyunshujimanzaijiuyuanwuzizhiyuanwuhan,bajiuzhiziyuanhefanghuziyuanjizhongsongdaokangjiyiqingdiyixian。zhengruxijinpingzongshujisuoshuo: “beijingkuaile8juquanguozhiliyuyizhiyuan,zuzhi29geshengqushihexinjiangshengchanbeijingkuaile8bingtuan、junduidengdiaopai330duozhiyiliaodui、41 600duomingyihurenyuanchiyuan,xunsukaishehuoshenshan、leishenshandengjizhongshouzhiyiyuanhefangcangyiyuan,qianfangbaijizengjiachuangweigongji,youxianbaozhangwuhanhehubeixuyaodeyiyongwuzi,bingzuzhi19geshengfenduikouzhiyuan。”[1]dangherenminzhongzhichengcheng、tuanjiefenzhan,quanguoxingchenglequanmianjiaqiangyiqingfangkonggongzuodejuezhanjumian。zheizhongquanmiandongyuannengli,chongfentixianlezhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduqiangdadezuzhixiediaoliheziyuanpeizhili。yucixingchengxianmingduibideshi,2014nian2yuekaishibaofayuxifeidedaguimoaibolabingduyiqing,youyuzheixieguojiabaoshouguoneizhengzhidongdang、zuqunchongtuhekongbuxijizhiku,chuxianle“zhidushixiao”“zhilishikong”zhuangtai,nanyiquanlitourufangkongyiqing,zaochengyiqingzuiyanzhongdelibiliyasiwangbingli4 716ren。jiezhudapiguojiyiliaozuzhibaokuozhongguoyiliaojiuyuanduiderendaozhuyiyuanzhu,caishiyiqingzhubuhuanjie。 

北京快乐83.cengcengshefang、huanhuanbukong,shishizuiyangezuiyanmifangkongfangan

yingduidaguimoyiqing,bixucaiquzuiquanmianzuiyangedefangkongjucuo,zheishiduiguojiazhilitixiguankonglizhixinglideyanjunkaoyan。ruguofangkongbuli、fangkongbudaowei,fangkongtixichuxiandadeloudong、fangkongnenglicunzaiyanzhongqueshi,yiqingjiuhuirutonghongshuibengdiwufazudang,zaochengshehuizainan。daxiangyiqingfangkongrenminzhanzheng、zongtizhan、zujizhan,yanlizhichengduqiansuoweiyou,kunnanzhichengduyechaohuxunchang。quanguogedixianhouqidongzhongdatufagonggongweishengshijianyijixiangying,jinrufeichangshiqi、shixingzhanshizhuangtai。congwuhandaohubei,conghuazhongdaogedi,congchengshidaoxiangcun,conggonggongchangsuodaojuminxiaoqu,paichayisibingli、renrenceliangtiwen、fengbigeliguanli、zhuizongbinglixingji,buliusijiao、bulouyiren,zhankaileyichangquanfugai、quanfangwei,quanguodongyuan、quanmincanzhandekangyirenminzhanzheng。“yiqingshimogui,beijingkuaile8bunengrangmoguizangni。”zaiyanmidewanggehuajicengzhilitixixia,zheiqunbingdumoguibeicengcengbaowei、cengcengfenge,huanhuanezhi、huanhuanxiaomie。dayingyiqingfangkongzongtizhan,xuyaoduishengchanshenghuo、shehuiyunxingdezhixuheanpaizuochuhendagaibianhediaozheng。chunjiejiaqiyanzhang、xuexiaoyanqikaixue、qiyezejifugong、tuiguangwangshangbangong,meiyouchuxianhunluanwenluan,zhenggeshehuijingranyouxu、renxinwending。zheixiedouxianshilebeijingkuaile8guozhidutixihezhilitixibudiaoyizhi、tongyixingdong、lingxingjinzhidegaoduguankongnengli。keyishuo,beijingkuaile8zai960wanpingfanggonglitudishang、zai14yirenkoudefazhanzhongguojiachuangzaolekangyiqiji。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “guojishehuipubianrenweizhongguocaiqudejianjueyoulidefangkongcuoshi,zhanxiandechusedelingdaonengli、yingduinengli、zuzhidongyuannengli、guanchezhixingnengli,shiqitaguojiazuobudaode,weishijiefangyishuliledianfan。”[1] 

4.yifazhiyi、kexuezhiyi,tigaogonggongweishengzhilizhiliangshuiping

北京快乐8tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,xiangyingtichuletuijingonggongweishengzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuademubiaoyaoqiu。zheicizhanshengyiqingdezhongyaoyinsu,shiyaochongfenyunyongxiandaizhilifangshi,tigaoyiqingfangkongdexiandaihuashuiping。fazhishizhiguolizhengdejibenfangshi,shizhilixiandaihuadejibenbiaozhi,yifazhili、yifazhiyishizuikekao、zuiwendingdegonggongweishengzhili。zai2020nian2yue5rizhaokaidezhongyangquanmianyifazhiguoweiyuanhuidisancihuiyishang,xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao: “yiqingfangkongyueshidaozuichijingdeshihou,yueyaojianchiyifafangkong,zaifazhiguidaoshangtongchoutuijingexiangfangkonggongzuo,quanmiantigaoyifafangkong、yifazhilinengli,baozhangyiqingfangkonggongzuoshunlikaizhan,weihushehuidajuwending。”[4]zheijiuweifangkongyiqingzhiminglezhengquefangxiang,suoyoudefangkong“yinghe”,feichangshiqidefeichangshouduan,douyaoyoufakeyi、yifashishi。zheiyangcainengbaozhengtongyifangkong、youxufangkong、chixufangkong。xiandaizhilinengliyaoyikejinenglizuozhicheng,yubingmojiaoliangyeshikejilidejiaoliang。beijingkuaile8kandao,dashujujishuyongyuyanpanyiqingxingshi,shixianlejingzhunfangkong,dadatigaolefangkongxiaolv。yiqingfangkongqijian,zhongyangqiangdiao,yaojiadakeyangongguanlidu,zhanshengyibinglibukaikejizhicheng。yaokexuelunzhengbingdulaiyuan,jinkuaichamingchuanranyuanhechuanbotujing,miqiegenzongbingdubianyiqingkuang,jishiyanjiufangkongcelvehecuoshi,zheijiuyoulizengqianglequanshehuiyiqingfangkongdebishengxinxin。dangdeshibadayilai,dangheguojiadalituijinbeijingkuaile8kejiqiangguo、wangluoqiangguo、shuzizhongguo、zhihuishehuideng,bachuangxinzuoweiyinlingfazhandediyidongli。zheixiezhongdachengjiuhejinzhandexianzhuxiaoguo,zaizheiciyiqingfangkongzhongdedaolechongfenfahuiheyunyong,tigongledayingyiqingfangkongrenminzhanzhengdekejiliqi。 

北京快乐85.jiayuquanju、tongchougefang,baozhengdangheguojiagongzuoyouxujinxing

北京快乐8guojiazhilishiyigexitonggongcheng,guojiazhilinenglixiandaihuatuchutixianzaizhilixitonghuashang。zheiciyiqingyijingchengweiquanqiuxingdegonggongweishengzhongdashijian,guoneifangkongbixufangzaiguojihuanjingdeshiyexialaituoshanchuzhi。beijingkuaile8guozhengfujishixiangguoneiwaigongkaitoumingfabuyiqingxinxi,jijihuiyinggefangguanqie,jiaqiangyuguojishehuihezuo,tongshijieweishengzuzhiheguojishehuiyidao,gongtongweihuhaodiquhequanqiudegonggongweishenganquan。beijingkuaile8gaijinhejiaqiangduiwaixuanchuan,yunyongduozhongxingshizaiguojiyulunchangjishifasheng,jianghaozhongguokangyigushi,jishijieluyixiebieyouyongxinderenwumiemohei、zaoyaoshengshideyanxing。zhongguorenminzaiyiqingfangkongzhongzhanxiandezhongguoliliang、zhongguojingshen、zhongguoxiaolv,zhanxiandefuzerendaguoxingxiang,dedaoguojishehuigaoduzanyu。guojishehuipubianrenwei,zhongguoquanmianyoulifangkongyiqing,nulifangzhiyiqingzaishijiemanyan,bujinshizaiduizhongguorenminshengminganquanheshentijiankangfuze,yeshizaiweishijiegonggongweishengshiyezuogongxian。yiqingfangkongyeshiyichangwangshangdezhanzheng,dayingyiqingfangkongzujizhan,bixuyouxiaotongguowangluo、yunyongwangluo、kaifawangluo,wangshangdabuying,wangxiayehennandaying。zheiciyiqingfangkongtongchouwangshangwangxia,biaoxianzaiwangxiayiqingzaiwangshangjishigongbu,fangkongbushuzaiwangshangguangweizhouzhi,wangxiabinglizaiwangshangbangzhuzhenduan,qiuzhuhuanzhezaiwangshanghuoquxinxi,renjijiaowangzaiwangshangbeijingkuaile8qinggan,dengdeng。bujinwangxiawentizaiwangshangjiejue,erqiehaiyaolaolaozhangwowangluozhendizhudongquanhezhudaoquan,yiwangluozhilituidongyiqingzhili。tongguolejiewangshangyulun,shunyingminyi,diaozhengfangkongfangan;tongguoyindaowangshangyulun,chuanbozhuxuanlv,ningjurenxinhelikangyi;tongguojieluwangshangyaoyan,chengqingshifei,fangzhiyourenbashuijiaohun、ganraoyiqingfangkong。hulianwangchengweihuijuminxin、zhanshengyiqingdepingtai,chengweimingbianshifei、yangshanquedeliqi。yiqingfangkongshiqianqiyiduanshijiandezhongxingongzuo,tongshiyeyaofangzaidangheguojiagongzuodedajuxiaquanmianbuju。fazhanshizhongshidangzhizhengxingguodediyiyaowu,tongchoutuijin“wuweiyiti”zongtibujubunengfangsong,xiediaotuijin“sigequanmian”zhanlvebujubunengxiedai。zhiyoutongchouquanju、xiediaofazhan,caishizhanshengyiqingdegenbenzhidao。yiqingfangkonggongzuo,gedixingshibupingheng,fangkongjinzhanyoujieduan,zheijiuyaoconggedishijichufa,bawojiezou、yinshilidao。zaiquanguoxingchenglequanmiandongyuan、quanmianbushu、quanmianjiaqiangyiqingfangkonggongzuojumiandetongshi,zhongyangjishiqiangdiao,gejidangweihezhengfuyaojixuweishixianjinnianjingjishehuifazhanmubiaorenwuernuli。zaizhihuilingdaoyiqingfangkongzongtizhandeguochengzhong,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyang,bawodashi、yunchoudaju、mouhuadashi,baozhengzheichangzhanyizhihuiyoufang、bushudedang、jinzhanshunli,shidayingqushengdejianqiangzhihuibu。 

三、中国制度和国家治理经受大考的力量硬核 

zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduheguojiazhilitixideqiangdashengminglihejudayouyuexing,zaixinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkongdezhongdashijianzhongdedaochongfenjianyanhezhengming。zhiduhezhilideliliang,bushiziranerlai、pingkongwujude,ershiyouqishencengdegenjiweizhichengde。yiqingfangkong,shiduibeijingkuaile8guozhilitixihezhilinenglideyicidakao,yeshibeijingkuaile8gengshenkedirenshidaozhongguozhiduweishenmeneng、zhongguozhiliweishenmeqiang。

 

1.dangdejianqianglingdaoshibeijingkuaile8guozhiduhezhilitixide“dinghaishenzhen”

zhongguogongchandanglingdaoshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudezuidayoushi,dangshibeijingkuaile8guoguojiazhiduheguojiazhilitixidelingdaohexin,dangdejianqianglingdaobaozhenglebeijingkuaile8guozhilitixidegaoxiaoyunzhuan,cushilezhilinenglidechongfenjifa。yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangquanmianlingdao、quanmianbushu、quanmianzuzhizheichangzhongdazhanyi,gejidangweihezhengfujianjuefucongdangzhongyangtongyizhihui、tongyixiediao、tongyidiaodu,baozhengleyiqingfangkongjinzhangyouxu、chixushenrujinxing。zhonggongzhongyangzhuanmenfachutongzhi,yaoqiugejidangzuzhiheguangdadangyuan、ganbubatoushenfangkongyiqingdiyixianzuoweijianxingchuxinshiming、tixianzerendandangdeshijinshihemodaoshi,zaiyiqingfangkongdiyixiankaocha、shibie、pingjia、shiyongganbu。zaizheichangyanjundouzhengzhong,zhongyangzhengzhijuchangweidaitou,guangdadangyuanziyuanjuankuanzhichiyiqingfangkong。gejidangzuzhiheguangdadangyuan、ganbuchongfengzaiqian、wanqiangpinbo,chongfenfahuilezhandoubaoleizuoyonghexianfengmofanzuoyong。shanghaizhiyuanwuhanzhuanjiazuzuzhangzhangwenhong,yaoqiulingdaoxianshang、dangyuanxianshang,lvxianjinruzhongzhengbingfang。shushiweidangyuanganbulaoleiguodu,xunzhizaifangkongyiqinggangweishang。dangduirenminjunduidejueduilingdaoshirenminjunduidejianjunzhiben、qiangjunzhihun,renminjunduiweigongguzhongguogongchandanglingdaohebeijingkuaile8guoshehuizhuyizhidutigongzhanlvezhicheng。zaizheichangkangyidouzhengzhong,renminjiefangjunzhizhanyuanwenlingerdong、gandayingzhang,zhanxianlerenminzidibingzhongyudang、zhongyurenmindezhengzhipinge。rutongdangnianjinzhuxiaotangshanyiyuan,2yue3riqi,wuhanhuoshenshanxinguanfeiyanzhuankeyiyuanyiliaojiuzhirenwu,youjunduichouzu1 400mingyihurenyuanchengdan。yiqingfangkongdeshijiangaosubeijingkuaile8,zengqiang“sigeyishi”,jianding“sigezixin”,zuodao“lianggeweihu”,dayingyiqingfangkongzujizhanjiuyoulekekaozhengzhibaozheng。 

北京快乐82.weidaminzujingshenshibeijingkuaile8guozhiduhezhilitixideliliangyuanquan

zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduheguojiazhilitixi,juyoushenhouzhonghuawenhuagenji,weidaminzujingshenshiguantongbeijingkuaile8guoguojiazhiduhezhilitixidejingqishen。zhonghuaminzuweidadechuangzaojingshen、fendoujingshen、tuanjiejingshen、mengxiangjingshen,ningjiezaibeijingkuaile8guoguojiazhiduhezhilitixizhizhong,neihuayu14yizhongguorenmindejingshenshijiezhizhong,shizhonghuaminzuzhanshengrenhejiannankunku、chongpogezhongjingtaohailangdeqiangdajingshenliliang。dayingyiqingfangkongrenminzhanzheng,yikaoquantirenmindejijicanyu、dalizhichi、zhudongpeihe。beijingkuaile8dezhiduhezhilitixishenderenminyonghuhexinren,renminzhongyunzangdeminzujingshenbiranzhuanhuaweizhiduhezhilideliliang,zhuanhuaweizhanshengyiqingdeqiangdaliliang。yiqingfashengyilai,zhengfengchunjieqijiandaliangrenkouliudong,henduodifangtuichuleduirenyuanliudongdeguankongcuoshi。gediqunzhongdounenggoulijiehefucong,kefuzhongzhongbushihebubian,zhixingguiding、zunshouzhixu,bushaojiatingfangqiletuanju,biaoxianchulegaodudejiaguoqinghuai。tebieshiwuhanrenminhehubeirenminshidatigudaju、zijuepeiheyiqingfangkonggongzuo。xinchunjiajie,benshixuxuduoduoshengchanjingyingzhe、shangyebeijingkuaile8yedehuangjindangqi。bingduwuqing,haowufangbeidetubian,ranghenduoqiyehelaodongzhechengshouhendajingjisunshi。dantamenweiguofenyou、dengdaichuntian,biaoxianchulezhanshengkunnandejianrenyili。weifangzhiganran,jinkenengduoderenmenyaozhaizaijiali。danhenduoxingyehegangweiderenyuan,rujiaotongyunshu、nengyuandianli、wuzigongying、wangluodianxin、gonganxiaofang、yiliaoweisheng、baoankuaidideng,bixumaozheganranfengxian,zaigangzaiwei,baozhengshehuizhengchangyunxing、manzushenghuobixu,biaoxianchuweiguogongxian、weiminbeijingkuaile8degaoshangjingshen。xuduoqiye、zuzhi、gerenyijigangaotaitongbao、haiwaiqiaobao,fenfenjuankuanjuanwu,zhanxianletongzhougongjideshenhouqinghuai。wuhanhuoshenshanyiyuan7 500mingbeijingkuaile8zhe,pinbo10tianjianchenglekerongna1 000zhangchuangweidezhanshiyiyuan。wangminpinglundao: nayoushenme“jijiankuangmo”,zhiyouzhengfenduomiaode“shengsishisu”。zuiweikejingzuiweikeaideshibeijingkuaile8deyiwugongzuozhe,tamenshiyonggandenixingzhe,yiwufanguchongxiangyiqu;tamenshiwuweidejiuyuanzhe,buguanweiqiangjiuzhongzheng;tamenshiqianchengdeshouhuzhe,gaodufengxianriyefenzhan,zhanxianlejiusifushang、yizherenxindechonggaojingshen。shuqianmingyihurenyuanganranxinguanfeiyan,shuweiyinganranyizhiwuxiao,xianchulebaoguishengming。kandaotamenlaiziyixianjiuzhixianchangdetuxiang、shengyinhewenzi,renmenwubuweizhidongrongleimu。tamenshibeijingkuaile8debaiyitianshi,shibeijingkuaile8deshidaikaimo。yiqingfangkongdeshijiangaosubeijingkuaile8,beijingkuaile8guoguojiazhilinenglihekangjifengxiannenglidejingshengenji,cunzaiyuweidaminzujingshenzhizhong。weidadezhongguorenmin,shikangjiyiqingweidadouzhengqudezuihoushenglidezhenzhengtongqiangtiebi。 

北京快乐83.jianchiyirenminweizhongxinshibeijingkuaile8guozhiduhezhilitixidejiazhijishi

guojiazhiduheguojiazhilitixi,shiyijuyidingjiazhizhunzegoujianqilaide。zhiduhezhilidelilianglaiyuan,bujinlaiziyouxingdeliliang,erqielaiziwuxingdeliliang,zheijiushijiazhideliliang。beijingkuaile8guoguojiazhiduhezhilitixi,jianchiyirenminweizhongxinzheiyigenbenjiazhizhunze,renminliyishizhiduhezhiliyunxingdezuigaoyuanze。yiqingfangkongdezhongdajuece,jishiyizhongjiyushishidekexuepanduan,yeshiyizhongjiyujiazhidezhengzhijueduan。yiqingfasheng,zhijieweixiedaozuiguangdarenminqunzhongdeshengminganquanheshentijiankang,yirenminweizhongxinzaicishicidijiubixuyifangyiweizhongxin。yixielingdaohebumen,zhanqianguhou、youyibujue,bugandandang、buyuanzuowei,shuodaodihaishimeiyoubarenminliyigaogaojuguotouding,ershibagerendeshi、bumenliyi、zhuzhengzhengjizuoweijueceguize。xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,yaobarenminqunzhongshengminganquanheshentijiankangfangzaidiyiwei。zheijiumingquediliqileduidaiyiqinghechuzhiyiqingdediyiyuanze,yiqiekaoliangdouyaoyirenminqunzhongshengminganquanheshentijiankangzuoweidiyikaoliang。yiqingjiushimingling,zheigeminglingshiquanxinquanyiweirenminbeijingkuaile8demingling;fangkongjiushizeren,zheigezerenshibaozhangrenminzhutidiweidezeren。meiyigebinglibushishuzi,ershihuoshengshengderendeshengming。wulunshiquanguoshuwanyihurenyuanbenfuwuhandengdi,haishiguojiajianchaweiyuanhuipaichudiaochazufuwuhanshi,jiuqunzhongfanyingdeshejiliwenliangyishengdeyouguanwentizuoquanmiandiaocha,dengdeng,douxianmingfanyinglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduheguojiazhilitixidejiazhidiyun。yiqingfangkongdeshijiangaosubeijingkuaile8,quebaodangshizhongtongrenminxiangzaiyiqi、ganzaiyiqi,quebaoguojiazhidutixihezhilitixishizhongjianchiyirenminweizhongxin,renminjiuyidingnenggouyudangheguojiatongxintongde、fenyoudanze、gongdunanguan,gongtongzhanshengzheicizhongdayiqingfengxiantiaozhan。 

4.quanmianshenhuagaigeshibeijingkuaile8guozhiduhezhilitixidewanshanjizhi

北京快乐8beijingkuaile8guoguojiazhiduhezhilitixijuyouduofangmianxianzhuyoushi,tongshihaixuzhubuchengshudingxing、buduanzengqiangtigao。dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuimingquelequanmianshenhuagaigezongmubiao,jianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu、tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,chengweiquanmianshenhuagaigedezhutizhuxian,guanchuanyudangheguojiagongzuodequanjuzhizhong。dangdeshijiujiesanzhongquanhuizhuanmenyanjiushenhuadangheguojiajigougaigewenti,zheishiquanmianshenhuagaige、tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadebiranyaoqiu。dangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuizuochude《jueding》,jishibaquanmianshenhuagaigezongmubiaoxitonghuaganglinghua,youshijiangshenhuadangheguojiajigougaigezhiduhuazhilihua。dangdeshibadayilai,dangheguojiazaiwanshanzhidu、tuijinzhilifangmiandejijinulihegaigechengjiu,tixianzaijiaqiangdangdequanmianlingdao、tuijindangheguojiajigouzhinengyouhuaxietonggaoxiaoshang,tixianzaitigaogonggongweishengbeijingkuaile8、yiliaobeijingkuaile8、yiliaobaozhang、yaopingongyingbaozhangshuiping,jiaqianggonggongweishengfangyihezhongdachuanranbingfangkongshang,tixianzaijianlijianquanguojiaanquanfengxianyanpan、fangkongxietong、fangfanhuajiejizhishang,dengdeng。zheiciyiqingfangkong,chongfenfahuizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduyoushi,gejidangweihezhengfuanzhaodangzhongyangjuecebushu,quanmiandongyuan,quanmianbushu,quanmianjiaqianggongzuo,gedangzhengjunqunjiguanheqishiyedanweidengjinjixingdong、quanlifenzhan,dangweilingdao、zhengfufuze、shehuixietong、gongzhongcanyu、fazhibaozhang、kejizhichengdeshehuianquanzhilitixixianshixiaoneng,jidadiaodonglequanmianshenhuagaigejifachulaidezhiduhuolihezhiliqianli。yiqingfangkongdeshijiangaosubeijingkuaile8,goujianxitongwanbei、kexueguifan、yunxingyouxiaodezhidutixi,zhubushixianguojiazhilizhiduhua、chengxuhua、guifanhua、fazhihua,babeijingkuaile8guozhiduyoushigenghaozhuanhuaweiguojiazhilixiaoneng,douyaoyikaoquanmianshenhuagaige。weiyouxiaoyingduiyiqingdengzhongdafengxiangoujianzhiduhezhilijishi,tongyangyeyaoquanmianshenhuagaigezaichufa。

 

四、从疫情防控实践中总结经验吸取教训,更好应对新的大考 

zaishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiao、shixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengjinchengzhong,shizhongbaochiyouhuanyishi,zhelifangfanhuajiezhongdafengxian,shiyigequanjuxingquanguochengdezhanlverenwu。jinrubenshiji20niandai,dangheguojiadekaijuzhizhanjiushidayingyiqingfangkongzujizhan。yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangdailingquandangherenmin,chongfenfahuizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhiduheguojiazhilitixideqiangdashengminglihejudayouyuexing,qudeledayingyiqingfangkongzujizhandezhongdajieduanxingshengli。congxianzaiqidaobenshijizhongye,shishixianzhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzuiweiguanjiandelishishiqi,yeshifengxiantiaozhangengweijizhong、gengweishenke、gengweifuzadelishishiqi。congquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui,daojibenshixianshehuizhuyixiandaihua,zaidaoquanmianjianchengshehuizhuyixiandaihuaqiangguo,zheiduibeijingkuaile8dangheguojialaishuo,doushiweicengjingliguodechuangxinshijian,bidinghuiyudaoweicengmianduiguodefenglang,huizoushangweicengpandengguodeshanfeng,beijingkuaile8yaoyouzugoudesixiangzhunbeihechongfendenenglizhunbei。xijinpingzongshujizaishijiujiesizhongquanhuishangzhichu: “beijingkuaile8yaodayingfangfanhuajiezhongdafengxiangongjianzhan,bixujianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu、tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,yunyongzhiduweiliyingduifengxiantiaozhandechongji。”[5](p50)congzheichangkangjiyiqingzhongdafengxiandedouzhengzhong,beijingkuaile8jileilejingyan、zengzhanglejianshi,hangshiletixi、tishenglenengli,tongshiyefaxianlebuzu、tihuilejiaoxun。zheixiejingyanjiaoxun,bijiangzhuanhuaweijianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu、tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuaxindedongli,zhuanhuaweikangjixindezhongdafengxiantiaozhandenenglisuzhi。

yiqingfangkongdezhongdashijianshiyimianjingzi,jizhaochulebeijingkuaile8guoguojiazhiduheguojiazhilitixiduofangmiandexianzhuyoushi,yeyingchulezhilitixiyoudaiqianghuademouxieruoxiang、zhilinengliyoudaimibudemouxieduanban,xuyaozheligaijin。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “zaizheiciyingduiyiqingzhong,baoluchubeijingkuaile8guozaizhongdayiqingfangkongtizhijizhi、gonggongweishengyingjiguanlitixidengfangmiancunzaidemingxianduanban”。[1]yinci,yaoshenruyanjiuruheqianghuagonggongweishengfazhibaozhang、gaigewanshanjibingyufangkongzhitixi、gaigewanshanzhongdayiqingfangkongjiuzhitixi、jianquanzhongdajibingyiliaobaoxianhejiuzhuzhidu、jianquantongyideyingjiwuzibaozhangtixidengzhongdawenti,zhuajinbuduanban、duloudong、qiangruoxiang,tigaoyingduitufazhongdagonggongweishengshijiandenengliheshuiping,zhenzhengbawentijiejuezaimengyazhishi、chengzaizhiqian。yiqingfangkonggaosubeijingkuaile8,zairenheshihourenheqingkuangxiadouyaojuansiwei、youbeiwuhuan,ningkeqianriwuyiqing,bukeyiriwufangbei。congzheiciyiqingdechudezhongyaojiaoxunshi,yueshibeijingkuaile8deduanbanloudongruoxiang,jiuyueshizhongdafengxiandechufadian,yueshifangkongfengxiandeguanjiandian。beijingkuaile8guogonggongweishengzhilicunzaideduanbanruoxiang,yuchunyun、chunjiedengyinsuxianghuihe,chengweizheiciyiqingdamianjikuosandeshehuiyinsu。zainaliliuxiayinhuan,jiuyaozainalifuchudaijia。quanmianxiaokang、quanmianxiandaihua,bujinyaogugenji、yangyoushi,erqieyaobuduanban、qiangruoxiang,youbuquanmiandaoquanmian、buwanshandaowanshan,congerdadazengqiangfangkongfengxiannengli。

dayingyiqingfangkongzujizhan,shizhonghuaminzuxindeyinianguanjianzhizhan,zheichangdouzhengshijian,tigonglexinshidaifangfanhuajiezhongdafengxiandeshengdongjiaokeshuhelishiqishilu。lishicongnalishouzu,yejiangcongnalikaishi,meiyourenhefengxiantiaozhannenggouzudangzhongguorenminhezhonghuaminzudeqianjinbufa。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “zhonghuaminzulishishangjingliguohenduomonan,danconglaimeiyoubeiyakuaguo,ershiyucuoyuyong,buduanzaimonanzhongchengzhang、congmonanzhongfenqi。”[1]yiqingmanyanrangbeijingkuaile8fuchulehendadaijia,fangkongyiqingdeweidadouzhengyerangbeijingkuaile8gengjiajianqianghechengshu,cushibeijingkuaile8gengjiazijuegengjiayouxiaodiwanshanzhidu、tuijinzhili。quanmianbeijingkuaile8shehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojia,quanmianshixianguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidugengjiagonggu、youyuexingchongfenzhanxian,renzhongerdaoyuan。beijingkuaile8zuzhileyiqingkuoda、jiangdilefengxianweihai,haijiangjixuyikaozhiduhezhiliyoushizhanshengxindezhongdafengxiantiaozhan、jingshouxindedakao。zhongguogongchandangzaizhanshenggezhongfengxiantiaozhanzhongbijiangchengweigengjiaqiangdadezhengdang,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyizaichongguogezhongjiannanxianzuzhongbijiangchuangzaogengjiazhuoyuedechengjiu,zhonghuaminzuzailijinggezhongfengchuilangdazhongbijiangzouxianggengjiaguangmingdeweilai。

 

cankaowenxian:

北京快乐8[1] xijinping.zaitongchoutuijinxinguanfeiyanyiqingfangkonghejingjishehuifazhangongzuobushuhuiyishangdejianghua[n].renminribao,2019-02-24(2).

北京快乐8[2] xijinping.zaizhongyangzhengzhijuchangweihuihuiyiyanjiuyingduixinxingguanzhuangbingdufeiyanyiqinggongzuoshidejianghua[j].qiushi,2020,(4).

[3] xijinpinghuijianshijieweishengzuzhizongganshitandesai[n].renminribao,2019-01-29(1).

北京快乐8[4] xijinping.quanmiantigaoyifafangkongyifazhilinengli jianquanguojiagonggongweishengyingjiguanlitixi[j].qiushi,2020,(5).

[5] zhonggongzhongyangguanyujianchihewanshanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidutuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuaruoganzhongdawentidejueding[m].beijing: renminchubanshe,2019.

《思想理论教育导刊》


(编辑 刘晓艳 倪侃)

 

 

北京快乐8_北京快乐彩8-官方推荐 重庆快乐十分_重庆快乐十分投注-专业购彩APP 秒速飞艇_秒速飞艇登录-【全网唯一大品牌】 北京pk10,北京pk10官网-欢迎您 pc28官网_pc28软件下载〖2020购彩首选〗 万人牛牛_万人牛牛游戏-官方版 秒速飞艇_秒速飞艇彩票-欢迎您 时时彩_时时彩欢彩网_最佳信誉官网 香港赛马_香港赛马官网-欢迎您 时时彩_腾讯时时彩-官方认证 德国飞艇_哪里可以买德国飞艇-专业购彩APP